endobj ͙l��|̩* �}/����+�u�?�>_|��X������? endobj CHAPTER 1.doc Zambiki knew how to speak Sesotho and together with the Basotho Matlanyane and Segagabane, helped the missionaries to translate the Bible and Hymns into Xitsonga. %���� Approximately 1,646,000 people in the Limpopo Province are Xitsonga speaking. Save as TXT . endobj 17 0 obj A phrase is xivulwana in Xitsonga; The community is correcting the information on this page. Study and Learn: Certify. << /Contents 64 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 10 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F7 65 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> Although listening and speaking skills are important, the emphasis is on the … endobj 1.2.1 The Status of Xitsonga as a Language and its Position as a School Subject Reuben Masinge’s informative MA dissertation (1997) determines the causes of the low status and position of Xitsonga. This is a list of common Xitsonga phrases translated to English. Xitsonga English; A hi mina: It's not me: A ku hisi: It's not hot: A ku titimeli: It's not cold: A ku ve khisimusi lerinene: Merry … endobj endobj endobj endobj << /Contents 44 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 7 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F3 41 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> Learning how to speak Tsonga ( Xitsonga) - Duration: 5:47. endobj �I?��a��ԩ;��L�Td4B�|�14���H#�-g=!� �. Hoi, ik ben Bart de Pau. endobj endobj 25 0 obj 19 0 obj 2005-03-09T08:10:37+02:00 Sadly, amidst the excitement of the new democracy, Xitsonga was chopped from the national anthem. << /Contents 50 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 8 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> Since Zambiki spoke the Nkuna dialect, it implied that missionaries used this dialect in compiling everything written in Xitsonga. A collection of useful phrases in Tsonga, a Bantu language spoken mainly in South Africa, and also in Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Swaziland. ('Ukhona apha umntu othetha isiNgesi' ?) [ /CalGray << /Gamma 0.2468 /WhitePoint [ 0.9505 1 1.0891 ] >> ] Speak English fluently with Free Spoken English lessons using over 10,000 free audio files! Tsonga (/ ˈ t s ɒ ŋ É¡ ə, ˈ t s ɔː-/) or Xitsonga (Tsonga: Xitsonga), is a Bantu language spoken by the Tsonga people of southern Africa. See how we do it. The Uyasithetha isingesi na? BIBELE Mahungu Lamanene (TSO89) BIBELE Mahungu Lamanene (TSO89) Xitsonga (Bibele) (TSO29NO) Available translations. 31 0 obj 29 0 obj << /Subtype /XML /Type /Metadata /Length 1304 >> 12 0 obj This is a list of common Xitsonga phrases translated to English. 27 0 obj endobj 26 0 obj �X�(��>���M�G�wU@��FO�f��R�/ax�Zׅ�4F�Q�:���)�욞ˠe�4�8"E�6:��C�~���\'�bת��Cߥ����{׍A;�+$38�;�n�г�:�E������� ��r*7�5��3�:���Ж,\�� � ΢ #�p�:;�Jn����Z��G�]5t�@�o~U^�e�]�Ր��h@y�1B��d�5� So�o�߰�H��tWv��O������:���!�z���@�k�����Z��Kt ���M�)�h��x���%��a�� Total translations: 2,210: Total languages: 1,510: Make it your Bible. << /Contents 62 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 9 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> %�쏢 4 0 obj endobj Master the basics When you master the basics of conversation you will be able to put that into practice with millions of South Africans in your city and province. 14 0 obj Need more Norwegian? ]LU��������*��P\�_8�� Attempting to learn from reading this would be unproductive, or worse, boring. (�% ʄ����~Ҁ6��vXŶ�ޟ�� dZ�^aG�zq�q��k(�I�$�W {2� ��$V�J`��%��C8����F��B�G�Ħ��Y������ ��FS�98m" endobj 22 0 obj endobj Learn English Speaking Online to improve your Spoken English. << /Contents 49 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 7 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> Save as PDF . 3 0 obj Learning how to speak Tshivenda 3,700 views. << /Contents 60 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 9 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> stream 32 0 obj 7N�0�o��s���ŏ����Ʃ���˭k*��~�t�r��MsQn�0�����v��z��\n��n:�y_n���&�mK�����ɻf���7�����f���ux��2�N?�4}��s�V]�]oA�)u"�W�P7�ߕS�O��^G���2%t��@nCǶ��ẓ�o喻*ɞdx�=�4��d �y�h�C]���ϥ��LY����!�9��q����U79������Ͷ����d@N�\���~pA�� WQ���F�۶}�!�7eh�]3�M��a�7_�onp�����#����9��=���� ��0 grade 11 Xitsonga speaking learners of a local high school, both males and females. << /Count 6 /Kids [ 18 0 R 19 0 R 20 0 R 21 0 R 22 0 R 23 0 R ] /Parent 6 0 R /Type /Pages >> 30 0 obj << /Count 6 /Kids [ 30 0 R 31 0 R 32 0 R 33 0 R 34 0 R 35 0 R ] /Parent 6 0 R /Type /Pages >> Xitsonga is grouped as S50 in Guthrie’s classification (1967-71) and is thus not closely related to any of the other Bantu languages spoken in South Africa, like Sesotho (S30) or Isizulu (S40). %PDF-1.3 endobj The Xitsonga people have their native and current roots to the country of South Africa and the southern region of Mozambique. djagegjj Bite-sized Spanish lessons. endobj 33 0 obj endobj This as a result will lead to communicative success. A phrase is xivulwana in Xitsonga; The community is correcting the information on this page. << /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 1461 >> endobj Save as CSV . 9 0 obj Acrobat PDFWriter 5.0 for Windows << /Contents 57 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 9 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> *Our English courses are also available for an African speaking person to learn to speak English. The majority of them continue living according to their Xitsonga culture that has influenced boys' and girls' self-expression of emotions when faced with social disturbances where emotions such … 20 0 obj 34 0 obj 5 0 obj This colorful ethnic group mainly resides in the Southern part of Africa as a continent. Take Tests: Resources. endobj 21 0 obj << /Author (djagegjj) /CreationDate (D:20050309075200Z) /Creator (Microsoft Word) /ModDate (D:20050309081037+02'00') /Producer (Acrobat PDFWriter 5.0 for Windows) /Title (CHAPTER 1.doc) >> 2005-03-09T08:10:37+02:00 Fun, effective, and 100% free. Zambiki who spoke Xitsonga. The Vatsonga/Machangana constitute an ethnic group in South Africa, located in the southern part of the African continent. << /Contents 56 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 9 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> endobj endobj Play Games: Study. djagegjj endstream x��v�Pox��e="K�5L�c9�M��$�Z#���g�W��"�}� 37 0 obj << /Contents 61 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 9 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> endobj 18 0 obj CHAPTER 1.doc << /Contents 47 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 7 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R /F5 48 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> Learn Tsonga Language (Xitsonga) We help you learn with practice games. << /Contents 52 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 8 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F4 46 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> 1 0 obj 7 0 obj 5 0 obj 2005-03-09T07:52:00Z 5:47. the use of code –switching from xitsonga to english as a conversational strategy by hlamalani dollence baloyi mini-dissertation submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of masters of arts in translation studies and linguistics in the faculty of humanities (school of languages and communication studies) at the 23 0 obj This tutorial includes Bokmål only. endobj << /Count 6 /Kids [ 12 0 R 13 0 R 14 0 R 15 0 R 16 0 R 17 0 R ] /Parent 6 0 R /Type /Pages >> Save as CSV . Norwegian Lessons: Learn to Speak Norwegian Norwegian Phrases, Vocabulary, and Grammar with Pronunciation. 13 0 obj endobj Ndumeliso -Greetings - Duration: 2:52. I am an online Dutch teacher + founder of the Dutch Summer School and the Dutch Winter School.More about me here.. My mission: to make learning Dutch accessible to people all over the world, by online courses and Dutch language camps. endobj ��l~ ���%�b�awY�r"Ƽ� 9����O���`�#��J�� ��=n#����7\�vpU����?B�f�}�\��0WEO�$��S�_����.����?�3rb����.�~E̅��v�n��0]f��Ԋ,�#i��20���]�:����N=Z�hy��Χ�AEC38����i����z��8�>?�\�ë:8���:��a�x�ϑs��H�O��h��g4��L�"C����� �����4X��#�����c�H�V@����}|�TNxZy�8��w\P4��o;T�g&�'�g��:�v$��U�xX�q g`�����B�%VyI\�8@D �����9B�4�H:�*(T������6B�&>��c�����+�5�X8��)�#5�����nDNa�0}l�@-$�a�� 28 0 obj CHAPTER 1.doc Learn xitsonga with Brian Breezy 10,420 views. He points out that this low status reflects the way in which the language as a school subject is held in poor esteem. Choose your topic: Compete. << /Contents 66 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 10 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> Microsoft Word 36 0 obj Good morning Molo Good evening ('Molo' ) Good night Ulale kakuhle I don't understand Andiqondi Page 1 of 9. They originated from the eastern part of Mozambique in the past two thousand years, long before the arrival of the Portuguese. It is mutually intelligible with Tswa and Ronga and the name "Tsonga" is often used as a cover term for all three, also sometimes referred to as Tswa-Ronga. On this page you can read or download grade 11 xitsonga home language p2 memorandum in PDF format. endobj << /Contents 37 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 7 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> �Q����FI���B���=���[R(�,)s������0�~K�2. Practice. only way to learn it is to practice, and speak the language with people who know it. << /Contents 45 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 7 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R /F4 46 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> I can't speak Xhosa Andisithethi isiXhosa Do you speak English? 35 0 obj XITSONGA-SPEAKING GRADE 7 LEARNERS IN TOWNSHIP SCHOOLS: A CASE STUDY TV Manyike & EM Lemmer University of South Africa _____ A clear preference for English as language of teaching and learning (LoLT) is evident in most South African schools. << /Contents 70 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 11 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> 1.7 ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY The study … Xitsonga English; Ku rila: To cry: Ku tlangela siku ro velekiwa: Celebrating a birthday: Ku tlula: To jump: Madyambu … GRADE 12 NATIONAL SENIOR … 11 0 obj endobj However, discrepancies exist between language policy aims and … stream �w�8�`�d�%��tرy,�*#��'$��B�<0,؜��[�yT�Ғ\��o;�C��WXې~x��o��'�7�k����{~ ێ��M�R��0�X����Ѹ�O���|Agsw�^�02u����>!�;��Ã�6����6ZRע؋��P�R:�P=E`�܀OEb20n�a�����m����3oC��\R۷���,Z�I������y~��ak��K��`;0j�m�v��Ԇ��v퀁q��#t��Dɏ W�T���수>�D�a�%u����#Au## ���ݲl�y��I�t�f�c��ۘ�K��:|�pR�;��V�,:��oQ7�e;`Xv���!t�j������i�#-�w���� ����w��]4Og$�-K�"��IaL�jS_�G �` �� ��T��{^��"�0�>����� ����╃ Save as TXT . stream 10 0 obj Save as PDF . There are two types of written Norwegian, Bokmål and Nynorsk. By paying … 1.6 SCOPE AND DELIMITATION Even though there will be constant reference to the work already done by other scholars, the researcher’s emphasis will be on the expression of apology in Xitsonga. 2005-03-09T08:10:37+02:00 << /Contents 63 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 10 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> However, in light of the synchronic similarities that the different Xitsonga dialects share with the Nguni and Tekeza languages, … Choose a language above to practice and learn words and phrases for any of the 11 official South African languages. endobj << /Contents 55 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 8 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> The Tsonga people are a Bantu speaking ethnic group that is also widely referred to as Xitsonga. Recommendations Home Tsonga Language (Xitsonga) 8 0 obj [ /CalRGB << /Gamma [ 0.2468 0.2468 0.2468 ] /Matrix [ 0.4361 0.2225 0.0139 0.3851 0.7169 0.09711 0.1431 0.06059 0.7141 ] /WhitePoint [ 0.9505 1 1.0891 ] >> ] << /Contents 43 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 7 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> endobj Highlight or Bookmark your favourite verses, make Verse Images that you can share, and attach public or private Notes to Bible passages. %PDF-1.7 endobj �P� << /Count 6 /Kids [ 24 0 R 25 0 R 26 0 R 27 0 R 28 0 R 29 0 R ] /Parent 6 0 R /Type /Pages >> 2 0 obj 24 0 obj << /Contents 69 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 10 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> Languages available are -Isifundo, Isingesi, Isingisi, Seisemane,Seeyesemane,Isingisi. H��V�r�6���>:���ܧ8�&�4�ƚ4��C! << /Contents 58 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 9 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R /F6 59 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> Purpose: of this module is intended to equip qualifying student teachers with the knowledge and skills of Xitsonga as a Home Language so that it may be used as a language of learning and teaching in the Foundation and Intermediate Phases. djagegjj Vatsonga have been traced back by historians, to 500 – 1400 AD. For once, the Vatsonga and Machangana reached agreement and in unison registered their name as Xitsonga, and that is how it is … If you don't see any interesting for you, use our search form on bottom ↓ . 15 0 obj endobj Introduction The Tsonga are a diverse people, generally including the Shangaan, Thonga, Tonga, and several smaller ethnic groups. According to the author, there are several factors that influence learning of speaking skills for instance use of mother tongue outside and inside classroom environment, low status of English in a country, learners’ negative attitude towards … due to absence of authentic language learning situations outside and inside classroom. 6 0 obj SSppookkeenn EEnngglliisshh LLeeaarrnneedd QQuuiicckkllyy LESSONS Pages 1.1 through 16.39 APPENDIX INFORMATION Information for the Student A.1 Assignment Calendar B.2 See More C.1 Coming to the United States D.1 The Journey of a Wise Man: A fable for English learners E.1 A Wise Man’s Discovery: A fable for English … 2005-03-09T07:52:00Z #>�Z�1�֡gL\�{1�0�k���]�sC�>�� �}�cSvc@�(�a3�;�1�3�'=#wIrG�����s�%�y nj�p�W"���PPpk`"�d ��K��m}�d/�޷�i��v8�1ۇY��)a:݈��dUw5�͈��vܝ� ���� �����������ƴ���E�6Iݬv~� ���Xr��8�g�2U}c�vZ�!x�ocɞ�� ��hR족�PK�ٞ�? << /DefaultGray 3 0 R /DefaultRGB 4 0 R /Metadata 5 0 R /Pages 6 0 R /Type /Catalog >> To listen to a short snippet of Lesson 1 click on the relevant language below. 16 0 obj <> varieties). << /Contents 67 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 10 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> endobj Most people from the other population groups can also understand and speak Xitsonga. Together they numbered about 1.5 million people in South Africa in the mid-1990s, with some 4.5 million individuals in southern Mozambique and Zimbabwe. << /Count 1 /Kids [ 36 0 R ] /Parent 6 0 R /Type /Pages >> endobj Although, strictly speaking, this is not a comparative study, a demonstration of how each type of alternation takes place in English will be given followed by an application of the alternations to Xitsonga constructions. The Xitsonga language (Ririmi ra manana) as it is known today is linked to the ancient Tonga (Thonga) language of Mozambique and distantly related to other variations found most in abundance within Mozambique, Zambia, and Malawi (Hopgood 1992). << /Contents 51 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 8 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F4 46 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> Learn Spanish in just 5 minutes a day with our game-like lessons. endobj << /Contents 68 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 10 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> << /Count 25 /Kids [ 7 0 R 8 0 R 9 0 R 10 0 R 11 0 R ] /Type /Pages >> endobj Play a game to start learning right away. systematical used in the microstructure of Xitsonga/English Dikixinary/Dictionary (2005) so that dictionary users could be able to retrieve systematic information that could help them to speak the target language in a communicative functional way. Thanks to Dan for helping with this tutorial and Celine for the recordings! Whether you’re a beginner starting with the basics or looking to practice your reading, writing, and speaking, Duolingo is scientifically proven to work. Is there someone here who speaks English? Learning to speak with the people you live with shouldn’t be a chore, and the purpose of this guide is to make that aspect of your life a little easier. << /Contents 53 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 8 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> << /Contents 54 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 8 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> Traced back by historians, to 500 – 1400 AD and females eastern part of the new democracy Xitsonga... From reading this would be unproductive, or worse, boring relevant language below subject held... 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